Red hair vemale ginger hair occurs naturally in one to two percent of the human populationappearing with greater frequency two to six percent among people of northern or western European ancestry and lesser frequency in other populations.
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Red hair varies in hue from a deep burgundy or bright copper auburn to burnt orange or red-orange to and strawberry blond. Characterized by high levels of the reddish pigment pheomelanin and relatively low levels of the dark pigment eumelaninit is femaoe with fair skin color 34 y o red headed female, lighter eye colorfrecklesand sensitivity to ultraviolet light. Cultural reactions to red hair 34 y o red headed female varied from ridicule to admiration; many common stereotypes exist regarding redheads, who are often portrayed as possessing fiery tempers.
The term redhead has been in use since at least Red hair is most commonly found at the northern and western fringes of Europe ; Sarona WI wife swapping it is centered around populations in the British Isles. Redheads today are commonly associated with the Celtic nations.
There, four-in carry one of the three most common red hair genes. Scotland as whole has a higher percentage than Ireland, Carleton Coon's book The Races of Europe stated that rufosity reddish hair often occurred in Montenegrins.
In Italyred hair is found at a frequency of 0.Oakland Real Sex
The Berber populations of Morocco  and northern Algeria have occasional redheads. San Juan single ladies dates hair frequency is especially significant among the Riffians from Morocco and Kabyles from 34 y o red headed female,    respectively. Abd ar-Rahman I also had red hair, his mother being a Christian Berber slave.
Red hair is also found amongst the Ashkenazi Jewish populations. The use of henna on hair and skin for various reasons occasionally occurs in Asia. When henna is used on hair it dyes the hair to different shades of red. This would give the U. Several accounts by Greek writers mention redheaded people. A fragment by the poet Xenophanes describes the Thracians as blue-eyed and red-haired. In Asia, red hair has been found among 34 y o red headed female ancient Tocharianswho occupied the Tarim Basin in what is now the northwesternmost province of China.
Caucasian Tarim mummies have been found with red hair dating to the 2nd millennium BC.
Reddish-brown auburn hair is also found amongst some Polynesiansand is especially common in some tribes and family groups. In Polynesian culture reddish hair has traditionally been seen as a sign of descent from high-ranking ancestors and a mark of rulership. The pigment pheomelanin gives red hair its distinctive fed.
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Red hair has far more of the pigment pheomelanin than it has of the dark pigment eumelanin. The genetics of red hair, discovered inappear to be associated with the melanocortin-1 receptor MC1Rwhich is found on chromosome Red hair is associated with fair skin color because low concentrations of eumelanin throughout the body of those 34 y o red headed female red hair caused by a MC1R mutation can cause both.
The lower melanin concentration in skin confers the advantage that a sufficient concentration of important Vitamin D can be produced under low light conditions. However, when UV-radiation is strong as in regions close to the equator the lower concentration Wife seeking real sex Parmele melanin leads to several medical disadvantages, such as a higher risk of skin cancer.
The MC1R recessive variant gene that gives people red hair generally results in skin that is unable to tan. Because of the natural tanning reaction to the sun's ultraviolet light and high amounts of pheomelanin in the skin, freckles are a common but not all-inclusive feature of 34 y o red headed female people.
Eighty percent of redheads have an MC1R gene variant. Red hair can originate from several changes on the MC1R-gene. If one of these changes is present on both chromosomes then the respective individual is likely to have red hair.Lonely Milfs In Uberaba
This type of inheritance is described as an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. Even if both parents do not have red hair themselves, both can be carriers for the gene and have a redheaded child.
Genetic studies of dizygotic fraternal twins indicate that the MC1R gene is not solely responsible for the red hair phenotype; 34 y o red headed female modifier genes exist, making variance in the MC1R rred necessary, but not always sufficient, for red hair production. Red hair is the rarest natural hair color in humans. The non-tanning skin associated with red hair may have been advantageous in far-northern climates where sunlight is scarce. Studies by Bodmer and Cavalli-Sforza hypothesized that lighter skin pigmentation prevents rickets in colder climates by encouraging higher levels Free Dating Online - love in hackthorpe vitamin D production 34 y o red headed female also allows the individual to retain heat better than someone with darker skin.
In Africa, for example, red hair is selected against because high levels of sun harm pale skin. However, in Northern Europe this does not happen, so redheads can become more common through genetic drift.
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Estimates on the original occurrence of the currently active gene for red hair vary from 20, toyears ago. A DNA study has concluded that some Neanderthals also had red hair, although the mutation responsible for this differs from that which causes red hair in modern humans.
A report in The Courier-Mailwhich cited the National Geographic magazine and unnamed "geneticists", said that red hair is likely to die out in the near future. The National Geographic article in fact states "while redheads femael decline, the potential for red isn't going away".
Red hair is caused by a relatively rare recessive allele variant of a genethe expression of which can skip generations. It is not likely to disappear at any time in the foreseeable future. Melanin in the skin aids UV tolerance through suntanningbut fair-skinned persons lack the levels of melanin needed to prevent UV-induced DNA-damage. Studies have shown that red hair 34 y o red headed female in MC1R increase freckling and decrease tanning ability.
Red hair and its relationship to Discreet dating in Bushland Texas sensitivity are of interest to 34 y o red headed female femal researchers.
Sunshine can both be good and bad for a person's health and the different alleles on 334 represent these adaptations. It also has been shown that individuals with pale skin are highly susceptible to a variety of skin cancers such as melanomabasal cell carcinomaand squamous cell carcinoma.
Two cemale have demonstrated that people with red hair have different sensitivity to pain compared to people with other hair colors. One study found that people with red hair are more sensitive to thermal pain associated with naturally occurring low vitamin K levels gemale another study concluded that redheads are less sensitive to pain from multiple modalities, including noxious stimuli such as electrically induced pain.
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Researchers have found that people with red hair require heaed amounts of anesthetic. A study showed women with red hair had a greater analgesic response to that particular 34 y o red headed female medication u men.
The unexpected relationship of hair color to pain tolerance appears to exist because redheads have a mutation in a hormone receptor that can apparently respond to at least two types of hormones: Both derive from the same precursor molecule, POMCand are structurally similar.
Melanocyte-stimulating hormone 34 y o red headed female stimulates melanocytes to make black eumelaninbut if the melanocytes have a mutated receptor, they will make reddish pheomelanin instead. There is headec or no Senior lonely search dating ladies to support the belief that people with red hair have a higher chance than people with other hair colors to hemorrhage or suffer other bleeding complications.
Most red hair is caused by the MC1R gene and is non-pathological. However, in rare cases red hair can be associated with disease or genetic disorder:. Ffemale common belief about redheads is that headrd have fiery tempers and sharp tongues. In Anne of Green Gablesa character says of Anne Shirleythe redheaded heroine, that "her temper matches her hair", while in The Catcher in the RyeHolden Caulfield remarks that "People with red hair are supposed to get mad very easily, but Allie [his dead brother] never did, and he had very red hair.
During the early stages of modern medicine, red hair was thought to be a sign of a sanguine temperament. Another belief is that redheads are highly sexed; for example, Jonathan Swift satirizes redhead stereotypes in part four of 34 y o red headed female Travels"A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms ," when he writes that: Queen Elizabeth I of England was a redhead, and during the Elizabethan era in England, red hair was fashionable for women.
Sometimes, red hair darkens as people get older, becoming a more brownish color or losing some of its vividness. This leads some to associate red hair with youthfulness, a quality that is generally considered desirable.
In several countries such as IndiaIranBangladesh and Pakistanhenna and saffron are used on hair to give it a bright red appearance. Many painters have exhibited a fascination with red hair.
Thomas Marcellus, Director of the Institute for Historical Review, sorts damaged files from the wreckage of the devastating arson attack on July 4, , against the . Red hair (or ginger hair) occurs naturally in one to two percent of the human population, appearing with greater frequency (two to six percent) among people of northern or western European ancestry and lesser frequency in other populations.  It is most common in individuals homozygous for a recessive allele on chromosome 16 that produces an altered version of the MC1R protein. A B C D E F G H I J - R S - Z. A. Abernant /85 By The Mekons.A tribute to miners and the British Miners' Strike of "The wind and the rain beat on his fair.
The hair color " Titian " takes its name from the artist Titianwho often painted women with red hair. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle 's Sherlock Holmes story " Get local pussy fast Red-Headed League " involves a man who is asked to become a member of a mysterious group of red-headed 34 y o red headed female.
Red hair was thought to be a mark of a beastly sexual desire and moral t. A savage red-haired man is portrayed in the fable by Grimm brothers Der Eisenhans as the spirit of the forest of iron. Theophilus Presbyter describes how the blood of a red-haired young man is necessary to create gold from copperin a mixture with the ashes of a basilisk.
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Montague Summers, in his translation of the Malleus Maleficarum notes that red hair and green eyes were thought to be the 34 y o red headed female of a witcha werewolf or a vampire during the Middle Ages.
Those whose hair is red, of a certain peculiar shade, are unmistakably vampires. It is significant that in ancient Egypt, as Manetho tells us, human sacrifices were offered at the grave of Osiris, and the victims were red-haired men who were burned, their ashes being scattered far and wide by winnowing-fans. It is held by some authorities that this was done to fertilize the fields and produce a bounteous harvest, red-hair symbolizing the golden wealth of the corn.
But these men were called Typhonians, and were rex not of Osiris but of his evil rival Typhon, whose hair was red. During the Spanish Inquisitionpeople of red hair were identified as Jewish and isolated for persecution.
The Ancient historian Josephus would mistranslate the Hebrew Torah to describe the more positive figure of King David as 'golden haired', in contrast to the negative figure of Esaueven though the original Hebrew Torah implies that both King David and Esau had 'fiery red hair'.
In his book I Say NoWilkie Collins wrote "The prejudice against habitual silence, among the lower order of the people, is almost as inveterate as the prejudice against red hair. As a boy he had bright red hair, and it is amusingly recorded that one day in the streets of Norwich a number of boys followed him, pointing to his red locks and saying, "Look at that boy; he's got a bonfire on the top of Sweet women seeking real sex women who fuck head," and that Femzle Gurney was so disgusted that he went to a barber's, had his head shaved, and went home femlae a wig.
T grew up, however, a remarkably attractive-looking young man. In British Englishthe word "ginger" is sometimes used to describe red-headed people at times in an 34 y o red headed female manner 34 y o red headed female,  with terms such as "gingerphobia"  and "gingerism"  used by the British media. In Britain, redheads 34 y o red headed female also sometimes referred to disparagingly as "carrot tops" and "carrot heads".
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The comedian " Carrot Top " uses this stage name. Nonetheless, individuals and families femape Britain are targeted for harassment and violence because of their hair colour.Milf Dating In Rosenberg
Ina year-old was stabbed in the back for "being ginger". The three men were subsequently jailed for a combined total of ten years and one month for the attack. This prejudice has been satirised on a number of TV shows. English comedian Catherine Tate herself a redhead appeared as a red-haired character in a running sketch of her series The Catherine Tate Fed. The sketch saw fictional character Sandra Kempwho was forced to seek solace 34 y o red headed female a refuge for ginger people because she had been ostracised from society.
Hucknall, who says that he has repeatedly faced prejudice or been described as g on account yeaded his hair colour, argues that Gingerism should be described as a form of racism. The pejorative use of the word "ginger" and related discrimination was used to illustrate a point about racism and prejudice in the " Ginger Kids ", " Le Petit Tourette ", " It's a Jersey Thing " and " Fatbeard 34 y o red headed female episodes of South Park.